Controversies shroud AFSPA, in focus after Nagaland killings

  • The killing of Nagaland villagers in an Army ambush had gone horribly downhill and an immediate effect treaded into highlighting the focus on the infamous Armed Forces (Special) Powers) Act of 1958.

  • On Saturday, 14 villagers and a soldier died in Nagaland’s Mon district after an Army op to trace down insurgents went off-script. A police FIR has stated the Army’s 21 Para Special Forces “blankly opened fire”.

  • The chief ministers of Nagaland and Meghalaya, each allied to the BJP, are demanding that the Act be withdrawn.

  • “AFSPA gives powers to the Army to arrest civilians without any arrest warrant, raid houses and also kill people. But there is no action against the security forces. They have created a law and order situation,” stated Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio.


The Genesis

  • The legislation relies on the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Ordinance of 1942, which was issued throughout the Quit India motion. Post-Independence, it got here into being within the backdrop of rising violence within the northeastern states, which the state governments discovered troublesome to manage.

  • It was enacted by Parliament in 1958 and first applied within the northeast, after which in Punjab. The Jeevan Reddy Committee shaped in 2004 had beneficial a whole repeal of the legislation. “The Act is a symbol of hate, oppression and an instrument of high handedness,” it stated.

  • In 2016, in an uncommon intervention in a way regarding inner safety, the Supreme Court had dominated that the armed forces can’t escape investigation for excesses dedicated within the discharge of their duties even in ‘disturbed areas’. In different phrases, authorized safety provided by the AFSPA can’t be absolute.

  • In these a few years, not a single military, or paramilitary officer or soldier has been prosecuted for homicide, rape, destruction of property.

  • The Army’s view is that troopers and officers will likely be dragged to civilian courts and those frivolous circumstances will likely be filed in opposition to them if the legislation has been to be repealed.

  • The AFSPA was repealed in Tripura in 2015, and in 2018 the Centre additionally eliminated Meghalaya from the record, whereas additionally proscribing its use in Arunachal Pradesh.

  • The 1958 Act applies not solely to the three armed forces but additionally to paramilitary forces such because the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and the Border Security Force.

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